This chapter takes an educated tour of birth models that work whose practitioners are providing optimal maternity care. It is readily apparent that all of the models presented here share a common ideology based on the fundamental notions that birth is normal and that women are its protagonists. Midwives are the most numerous primary maternity care practitioners, and have long engaged in discussion and reflection with each other and with social scientists about what it is that they do which does and does not work. So, they have continued to articulate and refine “the midwifery model of care.” All of the birth models that work described in this study incorporate aspects of both the humanistic and holistic paradigms of birth.
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