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Learning in the Global EraInternational Perspectives on Globalization and Education$

Marcelo Suarez-Orozco

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780520254343

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520254343.001.0001

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(p.295) Appendix B Explanation of Terms

(p.295) Appendix B Explanation of Terms

Learning in the Global Era
University of California Press

BIRTH RATE The number of live births in a year, expressed as a percentage of the population or per 1,000 people.

DEATH RATE The number of deaths in a year, expressed as a percentage of the population or per 1,000 people.

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) The total monetary value of all goods and services produced domestically by a country. GDP includes income earned domestically by foreigners, but not income earned by domestic residents in foreign territory.

GROSS ENROLLMENT RATIO The ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to one of the following levels of education.

  • Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills, along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

  • Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that begins at the primary level and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.

  • Tertiary education, whether or not it leads to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of secondary education.

ILLITERACY RATE The percentage of the population aged fifteen years and over that cannot both read and write so as to understand a short simple statement about his or her everyday life.

(p.296) INFANT MORTALITY RATE The number of infants who die before reaching one year of age, generally expressed as deaths per 1,000 live births.

FERTILITY RATE The number of children who would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH The number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

SOURCE: University of California Atlas of Global Inequality (2006); www.worldbank.org