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From the Indian Ocean to the MediterraneanThe Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa$
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Sebouh DavidAslanian

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780520266872

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520266872.001.0001

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From Trade Diasporas to Circulation Societies

From Trade Diasporas to Circulation Societies

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 From Trade Diasporas to Circulation Societies
Source:
From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean
Author(s):

Sebouh David Aslanian

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0001

During the Safavid-Ottoman wars of 1603–1605, the Safavid monarch Shah 'Abbas I (r. 1587–1629) laid waste to the frontier regions of his empire, deporting up to 300,000 Armenians and others from the frontier territories, and resettling them in the interior of his realm. The Julfans were driven to the Iranian capital of Isfahan, where 'Abbas I granted them land across the Zayandarud River and permitted them to build their own suburb, named New Julfa, in memory of their abandoned home. As a result of its lucrative hold on Iran's silk exports to Europe, the small suburb of New Julfa grew throughout the seventeenth century to become one of the most important mercantile centers in Eurasia. The Julfan Armenians were able to build one of the greatest trade networks of the early modern period. This book examines the emergence and growth of this global trade network of Armenian merchants from New Julfa. It also recreates the ethos of trust and cooperation between merchants of the same community and describes the concept of “trade diaspora.”.

Keywords:   Julfans, Armenians, merchants, trade networks, New Julfa, Iran, silk, Eurasia, trade diaspora, cooperation

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