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Beyond the MetropolisSecond Cities and Modern Life in Interwar Japan$
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Louise Young

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520275201

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520275201.001.0001

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The Ideology of the Metropolis

The Ideology of the Metropolis

Chapter:
(p.37) Two The Ideology of the Metropolis
Source:
Beyond the Metropolis
Author(s):

Louise Young

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520275201.003.0003

From the late nineteenth century, the growth of higher education as well as the newspaper and publishing industry helped create an urban hierarchy that funneled cultural resources toward the center. This process turned the capital into a magnet for ambitious writers and artists, over-determining Tokyo's prominence in the national landscape of knowledge and cultural production. At the same time, these new institutions generated an ideology of Tokyo-centrism that masked the provincial origins of metropolitan culture. Chapter 2 examines how the new cultural geography that emerged set up an opposition between Tokyo and its Others. Just as Tokyo's metropolitan identity was constructed against a monolithic rural that subsumed provincial cities, Tokyo provided the Other against which local cities forged their own identities.

Keywords:   Tokyo-centrism, cultural geography, higher education, local newspapers, regional culture, bundan, literati, metropolis, provincial press

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