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The Gods Left First
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The Gods Left First: The Captivity and Repatriation of Japanese POWs in Northeast Asia, 1945-1956

Andrew E. Barshay


As the Japanese empire collapsed in August 1945, over six hundred thousand Japanese soldiers in Manchuria surrendered to the Red Army and were transported to Soviet labor camps, mainly in Siberia. There they were held for between two and four years, and some far longer. The Siberian Internment, as it is known, brought prolonged forced labor and exposure to an intense campaign of Stalinist reeducation in which Japanese activists played an important role. Long before Solzhenitsyn’s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) appeared in the USSR, Japanese gulag veterans began to produce not ju ... More

Keywords: Siberian Internment, Japanese empire, Manchuria, gulag memoirs, Stalinism, memory

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780520276154
Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520276154.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Andrew E. Barshay, author