Mobility, Labor Niches, and Low-End Jobs
This chapter describes the economic integration of Zacatecans, Oaxacans, and Veracruzans in metropolitan Los Angeles. In spite of the solid regional economy of the 1960s and 1970s, the Zacatecan men and women began with insecure and low-paid jobs in restaurants, garment factories, agriculture, and canneries. Because of their extended presence in Los Angeles and their high percentage of naturalization or legal residency, the Zacatecan men show a relatively upward occupational trend. Likewise, Oaxacan men initially worked in restaurants. Meanwhile, Oaxacan women worked as factory workers, sales workers, or self-employed housecleaners or personal care workers. However, Oaxacan men and women do not show upward occupational mobility. With regards to Veracruzan men and women, they have filled low-end jobs as both their initial and 2008 employment, due fundamentally to their undocumented status. Ultimately, the chapter suggests that legal immigration status and a long period of residence lead to more successful economic integration.
California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.