This concluding chapter explores the relevance of the history of eugenics in the United States, especially in the light of the 2013 revelations about unauthorized sterilizations in California's women's prisons. Although the past has not repeated, patterns of reproductive injustice enacted on women of color have continued. If eugenics can be used as a framework to understand harmful reproductive control in prisons and more broadly in the criminal legal system, it can also be used to critically evaluate the intentions and outcomes of new kinds of genetic technologies, particularly prenatal tests geared to identifying an increasing number of chromosomal and genetic anomalies. The chapter then discusses the eugenic resonances and potential outcomes of emerging genetic technologies, which owe more recent development and dissemination not to the state but to an intense wave of biotech commercialization.
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