- Title Pages
- The George Gund Foundation Imprint in African American Studies
- Shoeboots Family Tree
- Preface to the Second Edition
- Preface to the First Edition
- Part One Bone of My Bone: Slavery, Race, and Nation—East
- One Captivity
- Two Slavery
- Three Motherhood
- Four Property
- Five Christianity
- Six Nationhood
- Seven Gold Rush
- Part Two of Blood and Bone: Freedom, Kinship, and Citizenship—West
- Eight Removal
- Nine Capture
- Ten Freedom
- Epilogue Citizenship
- Coda The Shoeboots Family Today
- Appendix One Research Methods and Challenges
- Appendix Two Definition and Use of Terms
- Appendix Three Cherokee Names and Mistaken Identities
- Appendix Four Primary Sources for Further Study
- Selected Bibliography
- American Crossroads
- (p.13) One Captivity
- Ties That Bind
- University of California Press
This chapter examines the historical and symbolic meaning of intermarriage between Cherokee men and white women, and suggests that the evaluation of these relationships by white onlookers often included a hidden third element: the presence of black slaves. The majority of interracial marriages took place between white men and Cherokee women. In 1819 the Cherokee National Council mediated these relationships, passing a resolution requiring white men to legally marry the Cherokee women they called their wives and making it illegal for a white man to have more than one Cherokee wife. The government also had to address whether and by what means the children of white women would be considered citizens. In essence, the Cherokee government sanctioned marriages between white women and Cherokee men by promising their children an equal place in the nation.
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