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Ties That BindThe Story of an Afro-Cherokee Family in Slavery and Freedom$
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Tiya Miles

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520285637

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520285637.001.0001

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(p.64) Four Property
Ties That Bind

Tiya Miles

University of California Press

This chapter explores the Cherokee historical relationship to property, the development of new forms of property valuation and accumulation, and the Creek War of 1813–14, in which elite members of the Cherokee and Creek nations—including Shoe Boots—fought to protect this new way of life. Sustained colonial expansion onto Cherokee lands and U.S. government pressure to adopt Euro-American customs was contributing to a disruption and reformation of Cherokee lifeways. Slaveholding among the Cherokees was one of these new patterns that challenged previous customs; the ownership and accumulation of private property was another. Both these practices were closely interlinked and manifested a revision of the Cherokee relationships to things, animals, and people. The chapter also explores how African and Native people were excluded from the category of whiteness, and thus from the right to property ownership.

Keywords:   property valuation, accumulation, Cherokee nation, Creek War, colonial expansion, Euro-American customs, Cherokee lifeways, slaveholding, whiteness

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