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Ties That BindThe Story of an Afro-Cherokee Family in Slavery and Freedom$
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Tiya Miles

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520285637

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520285637.001.0001

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(p.149) Eight Removal
Ties That Bind

Tiya Miles

University of California Press

This chapter describes the history of Indian Removal under the leadership of Andrew Jackson, explores the spiritual and psychological impact of dislocation among Cherokees and their black slaves, and offers an interpretation of why the Cherokee–African relations worsened in the aftermath of forced relocation. In 1802, the U.S. government entered into an agreement with the state of Georgia, promising to expel the Indians in exchange for Georgia's relinquishment of particular lands in the West. If slavery is the monumental tragedy of the African American experience, then removal plays the same role in the American Indian experience. Crucial to making sense of the decline in relations between Cherokees and blacks in the West is poet Diane Glancy's paradigm of place. For Native peoples, place was paramount in maintaining cultural values and moral relationships. Displacement, therefore, was likely to weaken those values and relationships.

Keywords:   Indian Removal, Andrew Jackson, Cherokees, black slaves, Cherokee–African relations, Diane Glancy, forced relocation, displacement

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