- Title Pages
- The George Gund Foundation Imprint in African American Studies
- Shoeboots Family Tree
- Preface to the Second Edition
- Preface to the First Edition
- Part One Bone of My Bone: Slavery, Race, and Nation—East
- One Captivity
- Two Slavery
- Three Motherhood
- Four Property
- Five Christianity
- Six Nationhood
- Seven Gold Rush
- Part Two of Blood and Bone: Freedom, Kinship, and Citizenship—West
- Eight Removal
- Nine Capture
- Ten Freedom
- Epilogue Citizenship
- Coda The Shoeboots Family Today
- Appendix One Research Methods and Challenges
- Appendix Two Definition and Use of Terms
- Appendix Three Cherokee Names and Mistaken Identities
- Appendix Four Primary Sources for Further Study
- Selected Bibliography
- American Crossroads
- (p.191) Epilogue Citizenship
- Ties That Bind
- University of California Press
This concluding chapter resumes the Shoeboots family story in the Dawes Allotment era of the 1890s, and analyzes Doll and Shoe Boots' youngest son's failed application for Cherokee citizenship. As more outsiders of various racial backgrounds crossed Cherokee borders, distinctions between former slaves of Cherokees, Afro-Cherokees, and newcomer blacks began to blur. The overwhelmed Cherokee government seized on a strategy that would strictly determine who had the right to settle on Cherokee land and practice the privileges of citizenship. However, the U.S. government was developing a policy that would further disempower the Cherokees and other Native nations. In 1887, the General Allotment Act was passed, which intended to dissolve Indian tribalism and foster assimilation into American society.
California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.