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Tales of the Ex-ApesHow We Think about Human Evolution$
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Jonathan Marks

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520285811

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520285811.001.0001

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History and Morality

History and Morality

(p.27) Chapter Two History and Morality
Tales of the Ex-Apes

Jonathan Marks

University of California Press

“Who gets to write history” is invariably a political issue, and the history of science as written by scientists tends to be quite different from the history of science as written by historians. Accounting for the diversity of human form necessitated the development of early microevolutionary theories. Early macroevolutionary theories tended to overstate the relationship of human and ape by linking non-Europeans specifically to the apes as evidence for the overall derivation of humans from apes. The Origin of Species is transcendent for not discussing people, which would have rendered its arguments far more culture-bound and quaint, as TheDescent of Man proves to be, with its Victorian assumptions about gender and race.

Keywords:   history of science, Darwinism, racism

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