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Preaching BondageJohn Chrysostom and the Discourse of Slavery in Early Christianity$
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Chris L. de Wet

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520286214

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520286214.001.0001

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Little Churches

Little Churches

The Pastoralization of the Household and Its Slaves

Chapter:
(p.82) 3 Little Churches
Source:
Preaching Bondage
Author(s):

Chris L. de Wet

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520286214.003.0003

This chapter examines the place of slavery within John Chrysostom's program of domestic pastoralization. It begins with an overview of the nature and dynamics of domestic pastoralization, especially as it relates to slaves in the household. It then considers Chrysostom's distinction between strategic slaveholding (owning a large number of slaves) and tactical slaveholding (owning only a few slaves). It also discusses Chrysostom's belief that slaveholders should take responsibility for the pastoral care of their slaves, and that urban slaveholders take better care of their slaves than their rural counterparts. Finally, it explores the implications of pastoralization and Chrysostom's brand of doulology for Roman aristocracy and their relationship to the crisis of masculinity in the fourth century.

Keywords:   slavery, John Chrysostom, pastoralization, slaves, household, strategic slaveholding, tactical slaveholding, doulology, aristocracy, masculinity

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