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Preaching BondageJohn Chrysostom and the Discourse of Slavery in Early Christianity$
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Chris L. de Wet

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520286214

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520286214.001.0001

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Whips and Scriptures

Whips and Scriptures

On the Discipline and Punishment of Slaves

Chapter:
(p.170) 5 Whips and Scriptures
Source:
Preaching Bondage
Author(s):

Chris L. de Wet

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520286214.003.0005

This chapter explores the role of aretagogy—the teaching of virtue—as well as discipline and punishment of slaves in John Chrysostom's doulology. It begins with an overview of the nature, dynamics, and complexities of aretagogy in Roman antiquity before turning to Chrysostom's Christianized program of reform for slaves and its focus on aretagogy, along with the association between virtue and masculinity. It then discusses Chrysostom's comments on the surveillance of slaves, with particular emphasis on the interiorization of surveillance, or self-surveillance, his utilization of the Christic panopticon to regulate slave bodies, and the counter-surveillance provided by slaves. Finally, it examines how punishment was justified theologically and socially.

Keywords:   aretagogy, virtue, discipline, punishment, slaves, John Chrysostom, doulology, masculinity, surveillance, Christic panopticon

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