Spain and the United States
We examine the national origins, legal status, length of residence in the country, educational achievement, present occupational situation, and income of immigrant parents on the basis of ILSEG’s parental survey. Results are compared systematically with those obtained by the Spanish Immigrant National Survey a few years earlier and by the CILS parental survey in 1995. Despite the differences in national settings and time, immigrant parents in Spain are quite similar in terms of human capital, length of residence in the country, and present occupational status to their counterparts in the United States. They are also similar in their high educational ambition for the children, regardless of national origin or human capital background. Differences emerge in the transmission of such high aspirations to second-generation youths, which are much higher in the United States than in Spain. Other aspects of the economic and psycho-social adaptation profile of immigrant parents in both countries, such as perceptions of discrimination and co-ethic solidarity, are further explored.
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