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Zorba the Buddha"Sex, Spirituality, and Capitalism in the Global Osho Movement"$
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Hugh B. Urban

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520286665

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520286665.001.0001

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Gurus, God-Men, and Globalization

(p.1) Introduction
Zorba the Buddha

Hugh B. Urban

University of California Press

This introductory chapter provides a background of the Osho-Rajneesh movement. Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh began teaching in India during the 1960s and 1970s, as new waves of global tourists, spiritual seekers, and eventually capitalist investors began to pour into a rapidly changing South Asian landscape. His early community in Pune was one of the first attempts to combine Indian meditation techniques with Western psychology, becoming a major hub of global spiritual experimentation during the 1970s. Rajneesh became even more popular after the scandalous collapse of his Oregon community and his arrest and deportation from the United States. Returning to India and assuming the title Osho, he established a new and explicitly global religious community in Pune, now known as the Osho International Foundation.

Keywords:   Osho-Rajneesh movement, Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian meditation techniques, Western psychology, Oregon community, Osho, Pune community, Osho International Foundation

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