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Zorba the Buddha"Sex, Spirituality, and Capitalism in the Global Osho Movement"$
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Hugh B. Urban

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520286665

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520286665.001.0001

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“Beware of Socialism!”

“Beware of Socialism!”

The “Anti-Gandhi” and the Early Rajneesh Community in the 1970s

Chapter:
(p.49) Chapter 2 “Beware of Socialism!”
Source:
Zorba the Buddha
Author(s):

Hugh B. Urban

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520286665.003.0003

This chapter situates Rajneesh's early movement amid the debates over Indian religion, society, and economy in the late 1960s. Not only did Rajneesh make a name for himself through his iconoclastic spiritual ideas, he was also an outspoken critic of Indian economics and an early advocate of American-style capitalism. His early book Beware of Socialism! (1978) was at the forefront of a greater shift in India away from Nehruvian socialism toward an increasing embrace of capitalism and the larger global marketplace. Setting himself up as a kind of “anti-Gandhi,” he rejected the asceticism, simplicity, and nationalism of the Mahatma in favor of a full acceptance of sensuality, the body, and the global economy. This ideal was also realized in Rajneesh's first spiritual commune in Pune during the 1970s, which became a kind of global node that brought together Western capitalism and Eastern spirituality in a unique new transnational religious experiment.

Keywords:   Rajneesh movement, Indian economics, capitalism, Nehruvian socialism, anti-Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, Pune ashram, Eastern spirituality, transnational religion

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