(p.359) Selected Bibliography
(p.359) Selected Bibliography
This bibliography is not exhaustive. It lists only those primary and secondary sources that have been most relevant to the construction of the argument. For more details on sources, readers are directed to the notes.
CLA/006/AD, papers relating to the City of London’s sanitary functions (1848– 88); and LCC/PH/REG/1, papers relating to the inspection and regulation of common lodging houses under the London County Council (1895–1910). London Metropolitan Archives.
H7, papers of the Banbury board of health (1844–89); BOR1/20, papers of the Chipping Norton urban sanitary authority (1872–1910); PLU2/SN, papers of the Bicester rural sanitary authority (1873–97); and CC3/3/A5, papers of the urban and rural sanitary authorities of Banbury, Bicester, Chipping Norton, Henley, and Woodstock (1889–1910). Oxfordshire History Centre, Oxford.
M595/1/1, minutes of the health committee, Manchester Corporation (1868–90); M9/73/1, the letter books of the baths and washhouses committee, Manchester Corporation (1876–91); and M9/73/2, proceedings of the baths and washhouses committee, Manchester Corporation (1876–1911). Manchester Archives and Local Studies Centre.
PC1, papers of the Board of Health (1805–6) and Central Board of Health (1831–32); and MH19, papers of the Local Government Board (1871–1919) in relation to specific diseases. The National Archives, London.
(p.360) Newspapers, Journals, and Annual Proceedings
Birmingham Daily Post.
British Medical Journal.
Journal of Hygiene.
Journal of Public Health and Sanitary Review.
Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects.
Journal of the Royal Sanitary Institute.
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society.
Journal of the Sanitary Institute.
Journal of the Society of Arts.
Journal of State Medicine.
Journal of the Statistical Society of London.
Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers.
Proceedings of the Association of Municipal and Sanitary Engineers and Surveyors.
Public Health Engineer.
Sanitary Inspectors Journal.
Transactions of the Epidemiological Society of London.
Transactions of the Manchester Statistical Society.
Transactions of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science.
Transactions of the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain.
Official and Parliamentary Sources
Annual Reports of the Local Government Board.
Annual Reports of the Medical Officer of the Privy Council.
Annual Reports of the Registrar-General.
Annual Summaries of Births, Deaths and Causes of Death in London and Other Large Cities (titles varied).
Hansard Parliamentary Debates, 3rd and 4th series.
House of Commons Sessional Papers.
Quarterly Returns of Marriages, Births and Deaths Registered in the Divisions, Counties, and Districts of England (titles varied).
Reports and Minutes of Evidence of Royal Commissions of Inquiry.
Reports, Papers and Minutes of Information of the General Board of Health.
Supplements to the Annual Reports of the Local Government Board.
Supplements to the Annual Reports of the Registrar-General.
(p.361) Weekly Returns of Births and Deaths in London and Other Towns of the United Kingdom (titles varied).
Books, Pamphlets, and Articles
Ackroyd, William. The Scientific Aspects of the Sewage Question. London: Wrightman, 1897.
Acland, Henry Wentworth. Memoir on the Cholera at Oxford, in the Year 1854, with Considerations Suggested by the Epidemic. London: John Churchill, 1856.
[Addison, Christopher]. The Health of the People, and How It May Be Improved, From a Speech Delivered by Dr Christopher Addison, MP, at the Whitehall Rooms, February, 6th, 1914. London: University of London Press, 1914.
Alexander, Hugh. Inaugural Address Delivered at the Westminster Town Hall, Nov. 5. 1887 to the Association of Public Sanitary Inspectors. London: Potter, 1887.
Allsop, Robert Owen. Public Baths and Washhouses. London: E. and F. N. Spon, 1894.
Andrews, O. W. Hand-Book of Public Health Laboratory Work and Food Inspection. Portsmouth: Carpenter, 1898.
Ashpitel, A., and J. Whichcord. Observations on Baths and Wash-houses, with an Account of their History; an Abstract of the Acts of Parliament Relating Thereto; Their Applicability and Advantage to Provincial Towns; and a Description of the Principles Adopted. 3rd ed. London: John Weale, 1852.
Baird, James. The Management of Health: A Manual of Home and Personal Hygiene. London: Virtue, 1867.
Baly, P. P. A Statement of the Proceedings of the Committee Appointed to Promote the Establishment of Baths and Washhouses for the Labouring Classes; and a Report Upon the Buildings, Erected and Erecting; with Plans and Estimates. London: Effingham Wilson, 1852.
Baths and Wash-houses for the Labouring Classes. Statement of the Preliminary Measures Adopted for the Purpose of Promoting the Establishment of Baths and Wash-houses for the Labouring Classes. London: Blades and East, 1845.
Blackstone, William. Commentaries on the Laws of England, Book the Fourth. Oxford: Clarendon, 1769.
Blatchford, Robert. Merrie England. London: Clarion Office, 1895.
Blyth, Alexander Wynter. A Dictionary of Hygiène and Public Health. London: Charles Griffin, 1876.
Boulnois, H. Percy. Dirty Dustbins and Sloppy Streets: A Practical Treatise on the Scavenging and Cleansing of Cities and Towns. London: E. and F. N. Spon, 1881.
———. The Municipal and Sanitary Engineers’ Handbook. 3rd ed. London: E. and F. N. Spon, 1898.
Brooke, H. G. “Washing and Bathing.” In Health Lectures for the People Delivered in Manchester, 1883 and 1884, vol. 7, 13–32. Manchester: John Heywood, 1884.
(p.362) Brown, Hugh Stowell. Cleanliness Is Next to Godliness. Liverpool: Gabriel Thomson, 1858.
Brown, S. Sneade. A Lay Lecture on Sanitary Matters, with a Paper on Sewer Ventilation. London: Kerby and Endean, 1873.
Bulwer, Henry Lytton. The Monarchy of the Middle Classes: France, Social, Literary, Political. 2 vols. London: Richard Bentley, 1836.
Cameron, J. Spottiswoode. Hints as to the Working of the Infectious Disease (Notification) Act, 1889. Huddersfield: Alfred Jubb, 1889.
———. On Nuisances and Methods of Inspection. London: Sanitary Publishing Company, 1901.
Cargill, Thomas. Sewage and Its General Application to Grass, Cereal and Root Crops, Showing the Results Obtained by Actual Experience. London: Robertson, Brooman, 1869.
[Chadwick, Edwin]. An Article on the Principles and Progress of the Poor Law Amendment Act; and Also on the Nature of the Central Control and Improved Local Administration Introduced by That Statute. London: Charles Knight, 1837.
———. “Centralization: Public Charities in France.” London Review 1, no. 2 (1829): 536–65.
———. The Comparative Results of the Chief Principles of the Poor-Law Administration in England and Ireland, as Compared with That of Scotland. London: E. Faithfull, 1864.
———. The Jubilee of Sanitary Science, Being the Annual Address of Edwin Chadwick, C.B., at the Anniversary Dinner of the Association of Public Sanitary Inspectors, February 5, 1887. London: James Meldrum, 1887.
———. On the Evils of Disunity in Central and Local Administration, Especially with Reference to the Metropolis and Also on the New Centralisation for the People. London: Longmans, Green, 1885.
———. A Paper on the Chief Methods of Preparation for Legislation, Especially as Applicable to the Reform of Parliament. London: Charles Knight, 1859.
———. Report on the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain. Ed. M. W. Flinn. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1965.
Chalmers, M. D. Local Government. London: Macmillan, 1883.
A Citizen. Centralization or Local Representation: Health of Towns’ Bill; The Opinion of the Public Journals. 3 vols. London: Thomas Harreld, 1848.
Codrington, Thomas. Report on the Destruction of Town Refuse. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1888.
Coleman, T. E. Sanitary House Drainage, Its Principles and Practice. London: E. and F. N. Spon, 1896.
Conder, J. B. Reignier. A Handbook of Sewer and Drain Cases. London: St. Bride’s, 1904.
Condy, Henry Bollmann. Disinfection and the Prevention of Disease. London: John W. Davis, 1862.
Cross, Alfred W. S. Public Baths and Wash-houses: A Treatise on Their Planning, Design, Arrangement and Fitting. London: B. T. Batsford, 1906.
(p.363) Curtis, John Harrison. Observations on the Preservation of Health in Infancy, Youth, Manhood and Age. 4th ed. London: John Churchill, 1842.
Danchell, Frederick Hahn. Concerning Sewage and Its Economical Disposal. London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1872.
Dickson, G. On Cleanliness. Edinburgh: J. D. Lowe, 1855.
Disraeli, Benjamin. The Chancellor of the Exchequer in Scotland, Being Two Speeches Delivered by Him in the City of Edinburgh on 29th and 30th October 1867. Edinburgh: William Blackwood, 1867.
Drake, Francis. The Anglo-Roman, or Turkish Bath: Its History, Proper Construction, Present Status and Various Uses. London: Ward and Lock, 1862.
Duncan, W. H. On the Physical Causes of the High Rate of Mortality in Liverpool: Read before the Literary and Philosophical Society in February and March, 1843. Liverpool: Mitchell, Heaton and Mitchell, 1843.
Eassie, William. Healthy Houses: A Handbook to the History, Defects and Remedies of Drainage, Ventilation, Warming and Kindred Subjects. London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1872.
Ebsworth, Alfred. Facts and Inferences Drawn from an Inspection of the Public Baths and Washhouses in This Metropolis. London: William Brickhill, 1853.
Engineers and Officials: An Historical Sketch of the Progress of ‘Health of Towns Works’ in London and the Provinces. London: Edward Stanford, 1856.
Evatt, G. J. H. Ambulance Organization, Equipment and Transport. London: William Clowes, 1884.
[Farr, William]. Report on the Nomenclature and Statistical Classification of Diseases for Statistical Returns. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1856.
———. “Vital Statistics, or the Statistics of Health, Sickness, Diseases and Death.” In A Statistical Account of the British Empire: Exhibiting Its Extent, Physical Capacities, Population, Industry, and Civil and Religious Institutions, 2 vols., ed. J. R. McCulloch, 1: 567–601. London: Charles Knight, 1837.
Gadd, W. Lawrence. Soap Manufacture: A Practical Treatise on the Fabrication of Hard and Soft Soaps and Analytical Methods for the Determination of Their Chemical Composition. London: George Bell, 1893.
Gay, John. Disinfection and Disinfectants. London: Allman, 1895.
Glen, William Cunningham. The Law Relating to Public Health and Local Government. Ed. Alexander Glen. 11th ed. London: Charles Knight, 1895.
Goodrich, W. Francis. The Economic Disposal of Towns’ Refuse. London: P. S. King, 1901.
Granville, A. B. The Great London Question of the Day; or, Can the Thames Sewage Be Converted into Gold? London: Edward Stanford, 1865.
Guy, William Augustus. Health of Towns’ Association: Unhealthiness of Towns, and Its Causes and Remedies, Being a Lecture Delivered at Crosby Hall, Bishopsgate Street. London: Charles Knight, 1845.
Hamilton, Robert. Compulsory Notification of Infectious Diseases Considered. London: J. and A. Churchill, 1883.
(p.364) Hardwicke, William. On the Moral and Physical Advantages of Baths and Washhouses. London: Robert Hardwicke, 1874.
Haughton, Edward. The Facts and Fallacies of the Turkish Bath Question; or, What Kind of Bath Shall We Have? Dublin: William Robertson, 1860.
Hellyer, S. Stevens. The Plumber and Sanitary Houses: A Practical Treatise on the Principles of Internal Plumbing Work, or the Best Means for Effectually Excluding Noxious Gases from Our Houses. 4th ed. London: B. T. Batsford, 1887.
Herbert, Thomas. The Law on Adulteration, Being the Sale of Food and Drugs Acts, 1875 and 1879, with Notes, Cases and Extracts from Official Reports. London: Charles Knight, 1884.
Hime, Thomas Whiteside. The Practical Guide to the Public Health Acts: A Vade Mecum for Officers of Health and Inspectors of Nuisances. 2nd ed. London: Baillière, Tindall, and Cox, 1901.
Hoyle, William. The Question of the Day; or, Facts and Figures for Electors and Politicians. London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1874.
Hyndman, H. M. A Commune for London. London: Justice Printery, 1887.
Jenks, Edward. An Outline of English Local Government. London: Methuen, 1894.
Jennings, H. R. Our Homes, and How to Beautify Them. 3rd ed. London: Harrison, 1902.
Jensen, Gerard J. G. Modern Drainage Inspection and Sanitary Surveys. London: Sanitary Publishing Company, 1899.
Jerram, G. B. Association of Public Sanitary Inspection: The Fourth Inaugural Address, November 6th 1886. London: Potter, 1886.
Kilgour, Alexander. Lectures on the Ordinary Agents of Life as Applicable to Therapeutics and Hygiene. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, Longman, 1834.
Krepp, Frederick Charles. The Sewage Question: Being a General Review of all the Systems and Methods Hitherto Employed in Various Countries for Draining Cities and Utilizing Sewage. London: Longmans, Green, 1867.
Latham, Baldwin. Sanitary Engineering: A Guide to the Construction of Works of Sewerage and House Drainage. London: E. and F. N. Spon, 1873.
Leach, Albert E. Food Inspection and Analysis. London: Chapman and Hall, 1904.
Letheby, Henry. On the Estimation of the Sanitary Condition of Communities and the Comparative Salubrity of Towns. London: Charles Knight, 1874.
———. Report to the Honourable Commissioners of Sewers of the City of London, on Sewage and Sewer Gases, and on the Ventilation of Sewers. London: M. Lownds, 1858.
———. The Sewage Question: Comprising a Series of Reports: Being Investigations into the Condition of the Principal Sewage Farms and Sewage Works of the Kingdom. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, 1872.
Lomax, Charles J. Collection, Treatment and Disposal of Town Refuse. Bolton: R. Whewell, 1892.
Maguire, William R. Domestic Sanitary Drainage and Plumbing. London: Kegan Paul, Trench and Trübner, 1890.
(p.365) Maxwell, William H. The Removal and Disposal of Town Refuse. London: Sanitary Publishing Company, 1898.
McNeill, Roger. The Prevention of Epidemics and the Construction and Management of Isolation Hospitals. London: J. and A. Churchill, 1894.
Metcalfe, Richard. Sanitas Sanitatum et Omnia Sanitas. London: Co-operative Printing Company, 1877.
Metropolitan Working Classes’ Association for Improving the Public Health. Bathing and Personal Cleanliness. London: John Churchill, 1847.
Mill, John Stuart. On Liberty and Other Essays. Ed. John Gray. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Moore, E. C. S. Sanitary Engineering: A Practical Treatise on the Collection, Removal and Final Disposal of Sewage. 2nd ed. London: B. T. Batsford, 1901.
Morrell, J. Conyers. The High Death Rate: An Answer to the Question, What Is to Be Done? Manchester: Powlson, 1869.
Moule, Henry. Town Refuse: The Remedy for Local Taxation. London: William Ridgway, 1872.
Muir, Ramsay. Peers and Bureaucrats. London: Constable, 1910.
Newman, George. Bacteriology and the Public Health. 3rd ed. London: John Murray, 1904.
Newsholme, Arthur. Elements of Vital Statistics. London: Swann Sonnenschein, 1889.
———. The Role of “Missed” Cases in the Spread of Infectious Diseases (a Lecture at the Victoria University of Manchester). London: Sherratt and Hughes, 1904.
Parkes, E. A. Manuals of Health: On Personal Care of Health. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1876.
Poore, George Vivian. Essays on Rural Hygiene. London: Longmans, Green, 1893.
Ransome, Arthur. Statistical Review of Ten Years of Disease in Manchester and Salford, Being an Analysis of the Weekly Returns of Health and Meteorology Issued by the Manchester and Salford Sanitary Association, 1861–1870. Manchester: Heywood, 1870.
Ransome, Arthur, and William Royston. Remarks on Some of the Numerical Tests of the Health of Towns. Manchester: Powlson, 1863.
Rawlinson, Robert. Suggestions as to the Preparation of District Maps, and of the Plans for Main Sewerage, Drainage and Water Supply. London: Charles Knight, 1878.
Raynes, F. W. Domestic Sanitary Engineering and Plumbing. London: Longmans, Green, 1909.
Reeves, Mrs. Pember. Round About a Pound a Week. London: George Bell, 1913.
Reynolds, Stephen. A Poor Man’s House. London: John Lane, 1909.
Richardson, Benjamin Ward. A Ministry of Health and Other Essays. London: Chatto and Windus, 1879.
Rideal, Samuel. Sewage and the Bacterial Purification of Sewage. 3rd ed. London: Sanitary Publishing Company, 1906.
(p.366) Robertson, William. Meat and Food Inspection. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox, 1908.
Robinson, H. Mansfield, and Cecil H. Cribb. The Law and Chemistry of Food and Drugs. London: F. B. Rebman, 1895.
Roechling, H. Alfred. Sewer Gas and Its Influence upon Health. London: Biggs, 1898.
Rowley, J. J. The Difficult and Vexed Question of the Age: Sewage of Towns: How to Dispose of It, by Making None. Sheffield: Leader, 1884.
Rumsey, Henry Wyldbore. Essays and Papers on Some Fallacies of Statistics Concerning Life and Death, Health and Disease, with Suggestions towards an Improved Registration System. London: Smith, Elder, 1875.
———. Essays on State Medicine. London: John Churchill, 1856.
———. “The Health and Sickness of Town Populations.” New Quarterly Review; or Home, Foreign and Colonial Journal 13 (April 1846): 1–42.
———. On Sanitary Legislation and Administration in England: An Address. London: John Churchill, 1857.
———. On State Medicine in Great Britain and Ireland. London: William Ridgway, 1867.
———. Public Health: The Right Use of Records Founded on Local Facts. London: John W. Parker, 1860.
Shimmin, Hugh. Liverpool Sketches, Chiefly Reprinted from the “Porcupine.” London: W. Tweedie, 1862.
Simon, John. English Sanitary Institutions, Reviewed in Their Course of Development, and in Some of Their Political and Social Relations. London: Cassell, 1890.
Simpson, J. Y. Proposal to Stamp Out Small-Pox and Other Contagious Diseases. Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas, 1868.
Smiles, Samuel Self-Help: With Illustrations of Character and Conduct. London: John Murray, 1859.
———. Thrift. London: John Murray, 1875.
Smith, Edward. Handbook for Inspectors of Nuisances. London: Charles Knight, 1873.
———. Manual for Medical Officers of Health. London: Charles Knight, 1873.
Smith, J. Toulmin. Government by Commissions Illegal and Pernicious: The Nature and Effects of All Commissions of Inquiry and Other Crown-Appointed Commissions. London: S. Sweet, 1849.
———. The Laws of England Relating to Public Health. London: S. Sweet, 1848.
———. Local Self-Government and Centralization: The Characteristics of Each; and Its Practical Tendencies, as Affecting Social, Moral and Political Welfare and Progress. London: John Chapman, 1851.
———. Local Self-Government Un-Mystified: A Vindication of Common Sense, Human Nature and Practical Improvement, against the Manifesto of Centralism Put Forth at the Social Science Association, 1857. London: Edward Stanford, 1857.
———. The Parish: Its Power and Obligations. London: S. Sweet, 1854.
(p.367) ———. Practical Proceedings for the Removal of Nuisances and Execution of Drainage Works in Every Parish, Town and Place in England and Wales, under the Nuisances Removal Act, 1855. London: Henry Sweet, 1855.
Stevenson, Thomas, and Shirley F. Murphy, ed. A Treatise on Hygiene and Public Health. 3 vols. London: J. and A. Churchill, 1892–94.
Stewart, Alexander P., and Edward Jenkins, The Medical and Legal Aspects of Sanitary Reform. London: R. Hardwick, 1867.
Stockman, Frank Charles. A Practical Guide for Sanitary Inspectors. 2nd ed. London: Butterworth, 1894.
Sykes, John F. J. Public Health Problems. London: Walter Scott, 1892.
Taylor, Albert. The Sanitary Inspector’s Handbook. 2nd ed. London: H. K. Lewis, 1897.
Taylor, Charles Bell. For Liberty: A Speech. Nottingham: Stevenson, Bailey and Smith, 1885.
Turner, Dawson W. Dirt and Drink. London: Longmans, 1884.
Urquhart, David. The Pillars of Hercules; or, A Narrative of Travels in Spain and Morocco in 1848. Vol. 2. London: Richard Bentley, 1850.
Vacher, Francis. Address to the Royal Institute of Public Health: Congress at Blackpool, Conference of Sanitary Inspectors. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox, 1899.
———. The Food Inspector’s Handbook. 4th ed. London: Sanitary Publishing Company, 1905.
[Ward, F. O.] “Sanitary Consolidation.” Quarterly Review 88 (March 1851): 435–92.
Webb, Sidney. The Reform of London. London: Eighty Club, 1894.
Whitelegge, B. Arthur, and George Newman. Hygiene and Public Health. London: Cassell, 1905.
Willoughby, Edward F. The Health Officer’s Pocket-book: A Guide to Sanitary Practice and Law for Medical Officers of Health, Sanitary Inspectors and Members of Sanitary Authorities. 2nd ed. London: Crosby Lockwood, 1902.
Wilson, Erasmus. The Eastern or Turkish Bath: Its History, Revival in Britain and Application to the Purposes of Health. London: John Churchill, 1861.
———. Healthy Skin: A Popular Treatise on the Skin and Hair, Their Preservation and Management. 5th ed. London: John Churchill, 1855.
Wilson, George. Handbook of Sanitary Science. 3rd ed. London: J. and A. Churchill, 1877.
[Wright, Thomas]. Some Habits and Customs of the Working Classes. London: Tinsley, 1867.
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(p.370) ———. Power and Authority in the Victorian City. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1979.
Fritzsche, Peter. Stranded in the Present: Modern Time and the Melancholy of History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Gauchet, Marcel. The Disenchantment of the World: A Political History of Religion. Trans. Oscar Burge. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Giddens, Anthony. The Consequences of Modernity. Oxford: Polity, 2004.
Gilbert, Pamela K. Cholera and Nation: Doctoring the Social Body in Victorian England. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2008.
———. The Citizen’s Body: Desire, Health, and the Social in Victorian England. Athens: Ohio State University Press, 2007.
Goldman, Lawrence. Science, Reform and Politics in Victorian Britain: The Social Science Association, 1857–1886. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
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Hacking, Ian. The Taming of Chance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Halliday, Stephen. The Great Stink of London: Sir Joseph Bazalgette and the Cleansing of the Victorian Metropolis. Stroud: Sutton, 1999.
Hamlin, Christopher. Cholera: The Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
———. “Muddling in Bumbledon: On the Enormity of Large Sanitary Improvements in Four British Towns, 1855–1885.” Victorian Studies 32, no. 1 (1988): 55–83.
———. “Nuisances and Community in Mid-Victorian England: The Attractions of Inspection.” Social History 38, no. 3 (2013): 346–79.
———. “Providence and Putrefaction: Victorian Sanitarians and the Natural Theology of Health and Disease.” Victorian Studies 28, no. 3 (1985): 381–411.
———. “Public Health.” In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine, ed. Mark Jackson, 411–28. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
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