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Mastnak, T. (2002-02-19). The Fall of the Papal Monarchy and the Rise of Territorial Power. In Crusading Peace: Christendom, the Muslim World, and Western Political Order. : University of California Press. Retrieved 19 Sep. 2021, from https://california.universitypressscholarship.com/view/10.1525/california/9780520226357.001.0001/upso-9780520226357-chapter-5.