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The Gender of the GiftProblems with Women and Problems with Society in Melanesia$
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Marilyn Strathern

Print publication date: 1988

Print ISBN-13: 9780520064232

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520064232.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

Some Definitions

Some Definitions

(p.171) 7 Some Definitions
The Gender of the Gift

Marilyn Strathern

University of California Press

The contrast imagined between Western and Melanesian worlds applies equally to the nature of symbolic constructions themselves. Critiques of commodity ideology point out that labor in fact originates in the work of persons. The process of objectification establishes a relation between subjects and the objects of their regard that is known through the separation of one from the other. Gender refers to the internal relations between parts of persons, and to their externalization as relations between persons. Politics, economic systems, religious belief, family life, or for that matter, ideology and cognitive structures, or relations and forces of production, systems, and events all appear to Westerners as manageably distinct levels or domains whose similarities or differences may then expound in showing their relationship to one another.

Keywords:   commodity ideology, labor, objectification, gender, Westerners, politics, economic systems, religious belief

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