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Above the CloudsStatus Culture of the Modern Japanese Nobility$
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Takie Sugiyama Lebra

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780520076006

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520076006.001.0001

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Acquisition and Transmission of Status Culture

(p.243) Seven Socialization
Above the Clouds

Takie Sugiyama Lebra

University of California Press

The kazoku status, to be hereditary, had to have its culture carried on by successive generations. Chapters 3–6 conveyed what that status culture was like; this chapter considers how it was acquired by or transmitted to kazoku members, with a main, but not exclusive, focus on the child. To the extent that “what” cannot be separated from “how,” some redundancy, particularly with Chapter 5, will be unavoidable, especially in regard to who socialized kazoku children. The socialization influence flows both vertically—downward from superiors or seniors, or upward from inferiors or juniors (as when a kazoku master was influenced by his servant, or a parent by his or her child)—and horizontally, between peers or age-mates. Kazoku sometimes felt such multidirectional flows of influence in striking ways. The diversity of socializing agents, indeed, may account for the fact that socialization not only reproduced but also on occasion modified or even created status culture.

Keywords:   kazoku, Japanese aristocracy, socialization, social status

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