This chapter presents a brief look at Newcomb's later years. Retirement meant for Newcomb a realignment of work, not an end or even slackening of research, writing, and public speaking. Forced by law to leave naval employ at age sixty-two, he stepped down from the superintendency of the Nautical Almanac Office on his birthday in March of 1897. A special, albeit modest, congressional appropriation and then, beginning in 1903, generous grants from the new Carnegie Institution in Washington enabled the distinguished retiree to maintain his intense schedule of research and professional interaction. Newcomb assumed the lead in a major international project to bring order to astronomical computations through the adoption of uniform constants and consistent data, and at the same time persisted with his longstanding work on planetary tables, especially the motion of the moon.
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