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Language in Time of Revolution$
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Benjamin Harshav

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780520079588

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520079588.001.0001

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(p.68) Fourteen Consolidation
Language in Time of Revolution

Benjamin Harshav

University of California Press

Masses of Jews in the Diaspora, especially the young generation streaming out of the disintegrating shtetl, now embraced the conquests of the Jewish revolution: the new parties and the new culture were no longer confined to narrow circles of the intelligentsia. Within the relative freedom for national organization of minorities allowed for a while in liberated Russia and in the newly established nation-states after Versailles, this movement gave rise to a new and ramified cultural establishment. For some time, Hebrew literature still wavered between Eretz-Israel and the Diaspora. In the 1920s, in fact, all the achievements of the Jewish revolution were consolidated. Intrinsically, a full-fledged Jewish secular polysystem emerged in the reborn Poland with its three million Jews; a truncated system in the Soviet Union; a consociational political and social entity in Eretz-Israel; and partial implementations in other countries.

Keywords:   Jews, Diaspora, shtetl, culture, intelligentsia, freedom, Hebrew, literature, Eretz, Israel

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