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Language in Time of Revolution$
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Benjamin Harshav

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780520079588

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520079588.001.0001

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Language as a Unifying Force

Language as a Unifying Force

Chapter:
(p.97) Twenty Language as a Unifying Force
Source:
Language in Time of Revolution
Author(s):

Benjamin Harshav

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520079588.003.0020

The Jewish Secular Polysystem that arose in Eastern Europe had the character of an almost-State. Indeed, in the crowded Jewish communities or city quarters, the population lived within such a Jewish quasi-State; but when the Jewish population moved from the shtetl to the big city and scattered overseas, there was nothing to hold the package tightly together in the territory of other languages and nations. The Jews' affiliation and “identity” were no longer automatic as they were for a member of a “normal” ethnic group, for whom dwelling in his own land and affiliation with a linguistic and religious entity are self-evident. Under these conditions—without a State, a political framework, or an exclusive and continuous territorial base—decisive importance was accorded to unifying forces that would motivate the individual to take part more than casually in various institutions of the intrinsic polysystem.

Keywords:   Jewish Secular Polysystem, Europe, population, shtetl, languages, identity, State, Jews

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