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Language in Time of Revolution$
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Benjamin Harshav

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780520079588

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520079588.001.0001

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Three Factors in the Revival of the Language

Three Factors in the Revival of the Language

(p.113) Twenty-three Three Factors in the Revival of the Language
Language in Time of Revolution

Benjamin Harshav

University of California Press

Instead of a detailed examination of the problematic evidence and investigation of every person who spoke or taught Hebrew, this chapter analyzes the basic phenomenon, the deep structure of the language revolution. Clearly, there was a strongly felt ideology demanding the revival of the language; but that was not enough. The revolution could occur because of the unique intersection of three complex historical factors in the lives of many individuals: the life of Hebrew in Diaspora, the revival of Hebrew in writing, the establishment of new social cells in a “social desert” (in Eretz-Israel). Abbreviated, those were: the religious, the secular, and the realized Zionist polysystems. The revival of the language was carried out by people who personally, in their own biography, linked these three areas. Their unique integration was indispensable for the miracle of the revival of the language.

Keywords:   language, revolution, ideology, revival, Hebrew, Diaspora, social desert, Eretz-Israel

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