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Cultures in ConflictSocial Movements and the State in Peru$
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Susan Stokes

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780520086173

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520086173.001.0001

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Military Rule and the Transformation of Lower-class Politics

Military Rule and the Transformation of Lower-class Politics

(p.32) Chapter Three Military Rule and the Transformation of Lower-class Politics
Cultures in Conflict

Susan C. Stokes

University of California Press

This chapter explores the transformation of lower-class political life during the period of military rule in the seventies. The regime of Juan Velasco Alvarado has been interpreted as corporatist, or at least as aspiring to install an “inclusionary” corporatist-style system of interest representation. The Velasco experience illustrates the difficulty that inclusionary corporatists face in creating ties with the lower classes which move beyond clientelism, on the one hand, and in remaining in control of the mobilization they are likely to produce, on the other. It also illustrates the difficulty of constructing a corporatist system organized not around the labor movement but around residential communities of the poor.

Keywords:   lower-class politics, military rule, Juan Velasco Alvarado, inclusionary corporatists, clientelism

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