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Cultures in ConflictSocial Movements and the State in Peru$
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Susan Stokes

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780520086173

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520086173.001.0001

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Lower-Class Politics and Revived Civilian Rule

Lower-Class Politics and Revived Civilian Rule

(p.48) Chapter Four Lower-Class Politics and Revived Civilian Rule
Cultures in Conflict

Susan C. Stokes

University of California Press

This chapter analyzes how these movements of the urban poor persisted under renewed civilian rule in the 1980s and early 1990s, without fully displacing a “clientelist” pattern of accommodation. In March 1980, presidential and parliamentary elections were held for the first time in twelve years, bringing an end to Peru's longest period of military rule in this century. But the heritage of military rule under Velasco shaped lower-class politics after the state returned to civilian control. This heritage was nowhere clearer than in the persistence of a rights-oriented and confrontational politics among segments of the urban poor.

Keywords:   urban poor, clientelist accommodation, military rule, lower-class politics

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