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Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)$
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Yu-Feng Hsu, Ronald Carter, and William Hayes

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520098473

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520098473.001.0001

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Materials and Methods

Materials and Methods

(p.6) 3 Materials and Methods
Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)

Yu-Feng Hsu

Jerry A. Powell

University of California Press

This study examined more than 1,800 specimens of adult Heliodinidae and more than 200 larval and pupal specimens preserved in ethanol. The Essig Museum of Entomology at the University of California-Berkeley holds the largest collection of heliodinids (about 55% of the total), followed by the U.S. National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. (USNM). The Natural History Museum in London and USNM house most of the primary types of previously described heliodinids. This chapter lists the institutions where specimens are deposited, and describes dissections and measurements, wing venation preparation, scanning electron microscope preparation, species discrimination, larval rearing procedures, and phylogenetic methods.

Keywords:   Heliodinidae, heliodinids, specimens, dissections, wing venation, phylogenetic methods, larval rearing, species discrimination, scanning electron microscope

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