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The Quintessential NaturalistHonoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson$
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Douglas Kelt and Deborah Kaspin

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780520098596

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520098596.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 01 July 2022

How Well Do Protected Areas Represent the Terrestrial Mammal Fauna of South America?

How Well Do Protected Areas Represent the Terrestrial Mammal Fauna of South America?

¿Cúan Bien Representada Está La Mastofauna Sudamericana En Las áreas Protegidas Existentes?

(p.353) How Well Do Protected Areas Represent the Terrestrial Mammal Fauna of South America?
The Quintessential Naturalist

Marcelo F. Tognelli

University of California Press

This chapter assesses the effectiveness of protected areas to adequately represent the diversity of terrestrial mammal species, as well as threatened and restricted-range species, in South America. It analyzes protected areas hierarchically as (a) all protected areas, and (b) only IUCN-coded (categories I–VI) areas. The chapter compares the proportion of species represented in grid cells covered by protected areas against randomly selected sets of cells. It notes that significant gaps exist in the coverage of all species, as well as both threatened and restricted-range species. The chapter further notes that in most cases, IUCN reserves are more efficient, protecting approximately the same percentage of species as all protected areas, but using fewer cells. It specifies that major gaps in protected area coverage are in eastern Brazil, particularly the Atlantic Forests, the high Andes of Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and the southern Yungas.

Keywords:   diversity, terrestrial mammal species, South America, protected areas, IUCN-coded areas, eastern Brazil

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