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Inventing Human ScienceEighteenth-Century Domains$
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Christopher Fox, Roy Porter, and Robert Wokler

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780520200104

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520200104.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

The Non-Normal Sciences: Survivals of Renaissance Thought in the Eighteenth Century

The Non-Normal Sciences: Survivals of Renaissance Thought in the Eighteenth Century

Chapter:
(p.271) Nine The Non-Normal Sciences: Survivals of Renaissance Thought in the Eighteenth Century
Source:
Inventing Human Science
Author(s):

Gloria Flaherty

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0009

Sometimes the non-normal sciences represented a revolt against the excesses of Newtonianism, but mostly they were various kinds of survivals from earlier ages that had retained some of the old symbolism and outer trappings while attempting to gain legitimacy with selection of methods as well as problems from normal science. As the scientific community closed ranks and developed into a highly professional subgroup that talked to itself, it began to think of such activities as pseudo-sciences or non-sciences. In some instances, the devotion to superstition strengthened proportionately to the intensity of the rational scientific assault. The simultaneous success of, on the one hand, what we know as modern science, and, on the other, activities that were perpetrated in the name of science, has always posed one of the greatest puzzles for scholars.

Keywords:   Newtonianism, symbolism, superstition, pseudo-sciences, normal science

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