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Aryans and British India$
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Thomas Trautmann

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780520205468

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520205468.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

Philology and Ethnology

Philology and Ethnology

Chapter:
(p.131) Chapter 5 Philology and Ethnology
Source:
Aryans and British India
Author(s):

Thomas R. Trautmann

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520205468.003.0005

This chapter highlights the role of India, particularly the European discovery of Sanskrit, in the development of comparative philology and ethnology in Britain in the early nineteenth century. The role played by the study of Sanskrit in the formation of comparative philology is well known, but its role in the formation of ethnology is scarcely remembered because of the subsequent split and disciplinary formation of ethnology and linguistics. The chapter discusses the Sanskritist-led ethnology of early nineteenth-century British India, and describes the interaction of the British Sanskritists and their Indian teachers. It also comments on the debate concerning the internal composition of the Indian people.

Keywords:   Sanskrit, comparative philology, ethnology, British India, linguistics, British Sanskritists, Indian people

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