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Muslim Rulers and RebelsEveryday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines$
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Thomas McKenna

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780520210158

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520210158.001.0001

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Unarmed Struggle

Unarmed Struggle

(p.197) Chapter 9 Unarmed Struggle
Muslim Rulers and Rebels

Thomas M. McKenna

University of California Press

This chapter examines the mostly unarmed struggle waged in Cotabato from 1980 until 1986 between the political alliances expressed spatially by the polar positions in Campo Muslim. It discusses the emergence of a new group of well-educated and politically active Islamic clerics called ulama, and evaluates the reactions of urban Muslims to their teachings. The chapter also highlights the emergence of a consolidated Muslim counterelite who publicly challenged the political legitimacy of the datu establishment.

Keywords:   unarmed struggle, Cotabato, political alliances, Campo Muslim, ulama, Muslim counterelite, datu establishment, political legitimacy

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