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The Last EmperorsA Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions$
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Evelyn Rawski

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780520212893

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520212893.001.0001

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The Conquest Elite and the Imperial Lineage

The Conquest Elite and the Imperial Lineage

Chapter:
(p.59) Chapter 2 The Conquest Elite and the Imperial Lineage
Source:
The Last Emperors
Author(s):

Evelyn S. Rawski

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520212893.003.0003

This chapter analyzes the construction of the Qing conquest elite in the early seventeenth century out of multiethnic coalitions formed with Mongols, Manchus, and northeastern “transfrontiersmen.” The rulers incorporated these diverse subjects into a military-civilian organization called the banners and created a banner nobility to lead them. The imperial lineage, the Aisin Gioro, claimed descent from the Jurchen Jin who ruled North China and Northeast Asia in the twelfth century and constituted an “inner circle” of support for the throne. Qing rulers severely limited the number of imperial princes whose titles could be passed on without reduction in rank. The regulations governing hereditary transmission of titles produced a highly stratified imperial lineage.

Keywords:   multiethnic coalitions, military-civilian organization, banners, Mongols, Manchus, Aisin Gioro, hereditary title

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