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The Hidden FrontierEcology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley$
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John Cole and Eric Wolf

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780520216815

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520216815.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2021

Mountain Husbandry

Mountain Husbandry

(p.119) Chapter VI Mountain Husbandry
The Hidden Frontier

John W. Cole

Eric R. Wolf

University of California Press

With the growth of the capitalist market, outside demands began to involve peasant production as well as distribution. The spread of these demands on the Anaunia was slow; for a long time the area remained marginal to the economic processes of the lowlands, and production on peasant estates was carried on by marshaling local resources to ensure subsistence. Only recently have new alternatives arisen, allowing individuals to take up new options outside the villages. This chapter considers the ways in which local resources are used to answer subsistence needs, to sustain domestic groups on estates carved from the sides of the mountains, and discusses the ecology of mountain agriculture; the annual cycle; the organization of village resources; the limits of expansion; and the facts of life.

Keywords:   capitalist market, subsistence needs, mountain agriculture, expansion limits, peasant production, Anaunia

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