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The Hidden FrontierEcology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley$
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John Cole and Eric Wolf

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780520216815

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520216815.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2021

The Mountain Estate

The Mountain Estate

(p.153) Chapter VII The Mountain Estate
The Hidden Frontier

John W. Cole

Eric R. Wolf

University of California Press

The number of estates in the Upper Anaunia has grown over the years and average estate size decreased as a consequence, yet the processes of expansion and contraction have been worked out over extended periods of time. This chapter examines rights in estates, economic pursuits, and the organization of labor. Estates differ in size and productivity; consequently, each estate has a fixed potential. Villagers are fully aware of the productive potential of village estates, and they have a good idea of how closely potentials are being realized. The measure of a man as a proper peasant is based upon how well he runs his estate. Thus, although the amount of land available to any producer is a constant, production may vary in accordance with labor expended. To maintain a successful estate, the manager and his household must devote sufficient energy to the estate, under skillful direction.

Keywords:   peasant, land, estate management, Upper Anaunia

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