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Restless DeadEncounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece$
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Sarah Iles Johnston

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520217072

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520217072.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 June 2022

The Unavenged

The Unavenged

Dealing with Those Who Die Violently

(p.127) Chapter 4 The Unavenged
Restless Dead

Sarah Iles Johnston

University of California Press

A look at information concerning what happened to the souls of those who died too young, who died violently, or whose bodies were left unburied; how they might suffer in the afterlife and consequently avenge themselves against the living who were responsible for their plight. Also treated is information about how the living might protect themselves against these dangerous ghosts, especially when they were embarking on initiation into mystery cults, and the role of ritual experts in such protection. Included is discussion of the Derveni Papyrus, the mysterious demon named Empousa, further discussion of Hecate and a first discussion of the Erinyes. Maschalismos—dismemberment of a corpse in order to hamper its ghost—is also treated.

Keywords:   Aoroi, Biaiothanatoi, Ataphoi, Miasma, maschalismos, Eleusis, Mysteries, Empousa, Hecate, Erinyes, Derveni

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