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Restless DeadEncounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece$
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Sarah Iles Johnston

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520217072

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520217072.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Hecate and the Dying Maiden

Hecate and the Dying Maiden

How the Mistress of Ghosts Earned Her Title

Chapter:
(p.203) Chapter 6 Hecate and the Dying Maiden
Source:
Restless Dead
Author(s):

Sarah Iles Johnston

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520217072.003.0006

The first part of this chapter begins with a review of Hecate’s appearances in texts and archaeological finds, treating the goddess Enodia—who was often identified with Hecate—as well. It argues that from the start, these goddesses were both boundary protectors, worshipped at the door or gate in order to keep ills such as demons and sickness out of houses or cities, and goddesses expected to help during birth. Hecate and Enodia were also concerned with the transitions of girls into successful female adulthood. The second part of the chapter reviews a number of rituals and myths connected with female maturation, in which unsuccessful females die and become demonic entities who persecute other girls during their transition to adulthood. A myth about Iphigenia turning into Hecate after her early death is one articulation of this pattern, as are stories connected with Helen and some lesser-known heroines. The connection between Hecate and Artemis (who was also a goddess charged with protecting girls until maturity) is examined in this light as well.

Keywords:   Erigone, Carya, Helen, Erinyes, Hecate, Aspalis, Pandareides, Enodia, Artemis, Iphigenia

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