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Black Workers RememberAn Oral History of Segregation, Unionism, and the Freedom Struggle$
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Michael Keith Honey

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520217744

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520217744.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 29 July 2021

From Country to City

From Country to City

Jim Crow at Work

(p.43) 2 From Country to City
Black Workers Remember


University of California Press

This chapter is about the racial violence. Although racial violence enforced white supremacy with the immediate strength of a policeman’s club, segregation as a system gained its staying power from its rootedness in the social relations of daily economic life. In this respect, it was not merely a southern phenomenon. White control over the economic fate and the opportunities of African Americans had long been an axiom in American life by the 1930s. African Americans fled the South by the millions for jobs in the industrial urban centers of the North during the various waves of the Great Migration, and while many of them attained a better standard of living, the color line trapped them in the old and inadequate housing at the bottom of the job ladder.

Keywords:   white supremacy, southern phenomenon, African Americans, Great Migration, American life

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