Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Culture of SectarianismCommunity, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ussama Makdisi

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520218451

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520218451.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 October 2019

The Gentle Crusade

The Gentle Crusade

Chapter:
(p.15) 2 The Gentle Crusade
Source:
The Culture of Sectarianism
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520218451.003.0002

This chapter contrasts European perceptions of Mount Lebanon as a mountainous refuge indomitably holding out against an Islamic despotism with local understandings of Mount Lebanon's rural world. It explains that for the very reasons that the French traveler Nerval identified—the biblical landscape and the stunning beauty of the mountain chain overlooking Beirut, which appeared to be an inviolate sanctuary—Europeans viewed Mount Lebanon as an ideal site for the reformation of the Ottoman Empire. The chapter emphasizes that the cumulative presence on the land of so many Western writers, travelers, missionaries, painters, and poets heralded the dawn of a gentle crusade in Mount Lebanon. It explains that it was gentle in the sense that it was not a military expedition: it sought no territorial gain, it was actively courted by native elites, and it advanced itself primarily through the pen and paintbrush rather than the sword and musket.

Keywords:   European perceptions, Mount Lebanon, Islamic despotism, French traveler, Nerval, biblical landscape, Beirut, Ottoman Empire

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.