Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Culture of SectarianismCommunity, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ussama Makdisi

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520218451

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520218451.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

Knowledge and Ignorance

Knowledge and Ignorance

(p.28) 3 Knowledge and Ignorance
The Culture of Sectarianism
University of California Press

This chapter aims to sketch the outlines of social order in this multireligious society and to explore the nature of violence that regulated this order. It also examines European perceptions of Mount Lebanon as a romantic refuge in which a hierarchy of notables dominated a social order as the periphery of the Ottoman Empire. The chapter explains that contrary to Lamartine's depiction of a spiritual haven and to a Lebanese historiography which has constructed a narrative of national tolerance corrupted by sectarianism, violence existed in pre-1860 Ottoman Lebanese society that consisted primarily of elite violence deployed to reaffirm a rigid, status-based social order defined as the rule of knowledge over ignorance.

Keywords:   social order, multireligious society, violence, European perceptions, Mount Lebanon, Ottoman Empire, sectarianism

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.