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The Culture of SectarianismCommunity, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon$
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Ussama Makdisi

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520218451

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520218451.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Reinventing Mount Lebanon

Reinventing Mount Lebanon

(p.67) 5 Reinventing Mount Lebanon
The Culture of Sectarianism
University of California Press

This chapter investigates how Mount Lebanon was reinvented in sectarian terms by rival elites after the Europeans and Ottomans decided to partition it along religious lines in 1842. It explores how the elites began to politically reconstitute themselves in allegedly traditional sectarian terms while the very basis of tradition—absolute Ottoman sovereignty, which existed “for all time”—was being undermined at every turn. The chapter contends that an informal subjecthood to European powers developed alongside formal subjecthood to a changing Ottoman state. It explains that although the Sultan remained sovereign over Mount Lebanon, the presence of Jesuit and American Protestant missionaries, and of agents such as Richard Wood, tacitly widened the domain of obedience to include France and Great Britain.

Keywords:   Mount Lebanon, Europeans, Ottomans, elites, Ottoman sovereignty, Sultan, American Protestant missionaries, Richard Wood, France, Great Britain

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