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The Culture of SectarianismCommunity, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon$
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Ussama Makdisi

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520218451

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520218451.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

The Devil's Work

The Devil's Work

(p.118) 7 The Devil's Work
The Culture of Sectarianism
University of California Press

This chapter narrates how the elites of Mount Lebanon repeatedly and desperately tried to regain the initiative from the mobilized populace as the war proceeded, and how they finally succeeded in reconstituting the social order after the fighting ended in Mount Lebanon. It concentrates on certain moments of violence that cast light on the nature and contradictions of sectarianism. The chapter aims to highlight the social tension inherent in the religious strife, not simply across communal boundaries but within them as well. It also aims to unsettle the pretension of homogeneity and solidity of communal identity that the term sectarianism implies. The chapter notes that the war of 1860 was an attempt to resolve the contradictions of and the fears engendered by the conflicting sectarian imaginations let loose on the land after the restoration of Ottoman rule in 1840.

Keywords:   elites, Mount Lebanon, war, social order, religious strife, sectarianism, Ottoman rule

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