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The Culture of Sectarianism – Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon - California Scholarship Online
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The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon

Ussama Makdisi


Focusing on Ottoman Lebanon, this book shows how sectarianism was a manifestation of modernity that transcended the physical boundaries of a particular country. It challenges those who have viewed sectarian violence as an Islamic response to Westernization or simply as a product of social and economic inequities among religious groups. The religious violence of the nineteenth century, which culminated in sectarian mobilizations and massacres in 1860, was a complex, multilayered, subaltern expression of modernization, not a primordial reaction to it. The author argues that sectarianism represen ... More

Keywords: religious violence, Ottoman reform movement, European colonialism, Orientalism, national development, religious discourse, national identities

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2000 Print ISBN-13: 9780520218451
Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520218451.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ussama Makdisi, author