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Opium RegimesChina, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952$
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Timothy Brook, Patrick Carr, and Maria Kefalas

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520220096

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520220096.001.0001

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The National Anti-Opium Association and the Guomindang State, 1924–1937

The National Anti-Opium Association and the Guomindang State, 1924–1937

(p.248) Eleven The National Anti-Opium Association and the Guomindang State, 1924–1937
Opium Regimes

Edward R. Slack

University of California Press

This chapter explores how relations between the state and local elites were played out in the National Anti-Opium Association, set up by activists within and beyond the Chinese Christian community to press the state to rid China of opium. It explains that although the movement gained the sympathy of some sectors of the emerging urban elite, the Guomindang state was not keen to have a competitor regime in spheres crucial for state building and revenue. Hence, the Guomindang state employed both co-optation and coercion to force the association to disband in 1937, just nine days before Japan's invasion. It felt pressured not just to take up the cause of opium control, but to take it over. Thus arose the second “successful” opium campaign in China, which Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) mounted in 1935.

Keywords:   Anti-Opium Association, Guomindang state, Chinese Christian community, China, urban elite, Japan, opium control, Jiang Jieshi

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