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Opium RegimesChina, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952$
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Timothy Brook, Patrick Carr, and Maria Kefalas

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520220096

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520220096.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 26 July 2021

An Opium Tug-of-War: Japan versus the Wang Jingwei Regime

An Opium Tug-of-War: Japan versus the Wang Jingwei Regime

Chapter:
(p.344) Fifteen An Opium Tug-of-War: Japan versus the Wang Jingwei Regime
Source:
Opium Regimes
Author(s):

Motohiro Kobayashi

Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi

Aaron Skabelund

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520220096.003.0065

This chapter explores the Wang Jingwei regime, which replaced the Reformed Government in Nanjing in 1940 and survived to the end of war. It explains that Wang strove for a higher degree of autonomy from Japan than did the leaders of the Reformed Government, but was placed in a tug-of-war over opium revenues because of Japan's need to purchase war materials from other collaborator regimes in China. The chapter concludes that without opium, Japan could not have waged total war, and that it was beyond Wang's capacity to resist that necessity.

Keywords:   Japan, Wang Jingwei regime, Reformed Government, Nanjing, opium revenues, collaborator regimes, China, war

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