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Opium RegimesChina, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952$
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Timothy Brook, Patrick Carr, and Maria Kefalas

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520220096

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520220096.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 19 May 2022

Introduction: Opium’s History in China

Introduction: Opium’s History in China

(p.1) Introduction: Opium’s History in China
Opium Regimes

Timothy Brook

Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the opium trade's political and economic effects. It employs the term regime to signify a system in which an authority declares its right to control certain practices and develops policies and mechanisms to exercise that right within its presumed domain. The chapter notes that such a regime has the ability to impose conformity to policies which are profitable to it in the public realm. It explains that the opium regimes considered in this book include formal state governments, both Chinese and foreign; state agencies; and businesses and civic organizations which acted in the public sphere to induce political outcomes. The chapter narrates the origins of the opium trade in East Asia, and how it flourished in China and Japan. It also examines the events that led to the illegalization of opium.

Keywords:   opium trade, political effects, economic effects, regime, opium regimes, Chinese, East Asia, China, Japan

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