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Insatiable AppetiteThe United States and the Ecological Degradation of the Tropical World$
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Richard Tucker

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520220874

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520220874.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 13 November 2019

The Tropical Cost of the Automotive Age: Corporate Rubber Empires and the Rainforest

The Tropical Cost of the Automotive Age: Corporate Rubber Empires and the Rainforest

Chapter:
(p.226) Chapter 5 The Tropical Cost of the Automotive Age: Corporate Rubber Empires and the Rainforest
Source:
Insatiable Appetite
Author(s):

Richard P. Tucker

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520220874.003.0006

This chapter is concerned with the rubber industry. It reveals that rubber can be commercially grown either on vast one-crop plantations or as the primary cash-earning commodity on multicrop smallholder farms. The next few sections identify the various sources of rubber and study the search of explorers in the Amazon for the Hevea brasiliensis and the harvesting of Amazonian jungle rubber. These are followed by a discussion on the American rubber corporations on Sumatra as well as the rubber plantations that spread in North Sumatra. The search for alternative sources of supply is examined, which took rubber corporations to the Philippines, Chiapas, Liberia, and Amazonia. Finally, the chapter discusses synthetic rubber, natural rubber groves, the rubber industry in Indonesia, and Harvey Firestone's rubber plantations in Liberia.

Keywords:   rubber industry, sources of rubber, Amazonian jungle rubber, alternative sources, synthetic rubber, natural rubber groves, Harvey Firestone

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