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The Manchurian MythNationalism, Resistance, and Collaboration in Modern China$
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Rana Mitter

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221116

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221116.001.0001

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Staying an Co-optation of the Northeastern Provincial Elites, 1931–1932

Staying an Co-optation of the Northeastern Provincial Elites, 1931–1932

Chapter:
(p.72) Chapter 3 Staying an Co-optation of the Northeastern Provincial Elites, 1931–1932
Source:
The Manchurian Myth
Author(s):

Rana Mitter

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520221116.003.0003

The Manchurian Incident was marked with prevalent cooperation between the Japanese invaders and the local Chinese leaders. In many places, there was fearless fighting by Chinese opposed to the occupation, but as it was not centrally coordinated, it had little overall effect. However, in the initial period of the occupation, the army's behavior was heavily affected by Chinese actions and, in some cases, their refusal to act. Thus, the Japanese co-optation of Manchurian Chinese elite members at a provincial and local level, making them part of the new regime, was encouraged by the policy of nonresistance to the Japanese advocated by Nanjing and followed by prominent members of the Zhang Xueliang administration, who might have been expected to oppose the Kwantung Army's incursions.

Keywords:   Manchurian Incident, invaders, co-optation, Chinese, Kwantung Army

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