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France and the Cult of the Sacred HeartAn Epic Tale for Modern Times$
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Raymond Jonas

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221369

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221369.001.0001

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Prefiguration: Marseille and the Sacred Heart

Prefiguration: Marseille and the Sacred Heart

Chapter:
(p.34) Prefiguration: Marseille and the Sacred Heart
Source:
France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart
Author(s):

Raymond Jonas

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520221369.003.0003

This chapter examines the role of religion in the plague that hit Marseille in 1720. The plague was carried there by the merchant vessel the Grand Saint-Antoine. The chapter studies the holy men and women of Marseille during the plague, one of whom was Henri François Xavier de Belsunce de Castelmoron, the bishop of Marseille. He was an energetic man who promoted a Catholicism that was publicly demonstrative, which included public processions and large-scale pilgrimages. The discussion notes that it was believed that the plague could only be lifted through acts of religion, and that when the plague passed, Belsunce led a procession from the cathedral throughout Marseille. The next section studies the events that occurred after the plague had been lifted from Marseille, and notes the principal elements of the Sacré-Coeur story. By the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, this story had become a part of episcopal efforts to promote the devotion to Sacré-Coeur.

Keywords:   plague, Marseille, Henri de Castelmoron, acts of religion, principal elements, Sacré-Coeur story, devotion, episcopal efforts

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