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France and the Cult of the Sacred HeartAn Epic Tale for Modern Times$
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Raymond Jonas

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520221369

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520221369.001.0001

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The French Revolution, Catholic Anxieties, and the Sacred Heart

The French Revolution, Catholic Anxieties, and the Sacred Heart

(p.54) The French Revolution, Catholic Anxieties, and the Sacred Heart
France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart

Raymond Jonas

University of California Press

This chapter takes a look at the Sacred Heart of Jesus during the French Revolution. It first studies the efforts to crush the invading army that was intent on ending the Revolution and restoring the monarchy. The sensational death of President Sauveur and the meeting of the Three Estates' representatives in May 1789 are discussed. The chapter introduces the Estates General, which was a corporate body designed to represent institutional interests, and the cultural revolution that occurred over the place of the Catholic Church in public life. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and the loyalty oath that was imposed upon pastors and bishops are examined. The chapter shows that not all of the pastors and bishops took the oath, and that they warned their parishioners of the dangers to salvation posed by the arrival of the intrus, or intruders. The intrus were the clergy who took the loyalty oath, and it was said that the sacraments which they performed were null.

Keywords:   French Revolution, President Sauveur, Three Estates, Estates General, cultural revolution, loyalty oath, intrus

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